Right here Are the Winners and Losers

  • The results of China’s financial slowdown are spreading globally and leading to numerous winners and losers, BofA says.
  • A weaker China, BofA stated, helps decrease US inflation by way of a robust greenback however might additionally spur provide snags.
  • In the meantime, some commodity exporters in Latin America are taking a success from China’s slowdown. 

China’s financial development is sputtering, and its results have rippled into the remainder of the worldwide financial system with blended outcomes. 

In keeping with a Financial institution of America be aware to purchasers, China is going through headwinds that can set the tone for the US, Europe and Latin America as they reply to forex and commodities markets. 

“Brief-term components embrace China’s zero-Covid technique, deep issues within the property market and a weak labor market (notably for younger staff),” BofA analysts wrote Friday. “In the meantime, unfavorable demographics and a low return on funding after years of speedy infrastructure growth pose structural challenges to development.”


China’s financial weak point presents each good and unhealthy information for the US. On the constructive facet, China’s yuan has weakened about 8% towards the greenback over the previous yr on aggressive Fed fee hikes and expectations the US financial system will outperform others world wide.

That can assist ease inflation within the US, as analysis reveals {that a} 10% appreciation within the greenback lowers private consumption expenditures inflation by about 0.4 share factors, BofA stated.

Bank of America dollar yuan

BofA International Analysis

Nonetheless, China’s COVID-19 lockdowns might weigh on US markets by way of supply-chain disruptions. Shipments to the US have declined to their lowest degree since June final yr, probably signaling recent provide points, BofA famous, which might add strain on US items inflation.

In the meantime, a weaker Chinese language financial system might assist the US finally distance itself from its geopolitical rival.

“There’s a bipartisan push within the US to decouple from China,” in response to Financial institution of America. “Whereas concrete steps have been taken in some sectors, the combination commerce information don’t present clear indicators of decoupling.”


China primarily impacts Europe by means of demand for its exports and commodity costs. Ought to China ease lockdowns, it might contribute to the easing of provide bottlenecks in Europe and scale back worth strain on non-energy items, BofA defined. 

However China will “contribute significantly much less to the outlook threat stability than they often would,” the analysts stated, with a recession on the horizon because of the worsening vitality disaster. 

“Within the present backdrop, the marginal affect of the China slowdown on [Central and Eastern Europe] GDP is probably going restricted, as Europe is already going through the dangers of manufacturing cutbacks as a result of fuel rationing within the winter.”

Latin America

The area has important publicity to China, with Chile sending 40% of its complete exports there whereas Brazil and Peru ship about 30% of their totals. 

Within the be aware, analysts stated the Brazilian financial system faces a blended outlook as a result of China’s slowing development.

“On the constructive facet, decrease commodity costs are serving to inflation to decelerate this yr from a peak round 12% to six.5% by year-end,” BofA stated. “On the unfavourable facet, they have an effect on Brazil’s fiscal place and commerce stability. Due to this fact, the decrease development in China is negatively impacting Brazilian exports and development – recall that China represents virtually a 3rd of Brazilian complete exports, the equal of round 5% of the nation’s GDP.”

Since 2020, Brazil’s exports to China have fallen off sharply, the information reveals, and it might want to diversify its exports as China’s demand slips for items like soybeans, iron ore, oil, and beef. 

Bank of America Latin America China exports

BofA International Analysis

Equally, Chile should endure China’s far weaker demand for metals like copper, exports of which characterize 18% of Chile’s GDP. 

“China is Chile’s foremost commerce companion, receiving about 40% of Chile’s items exports,” BofA stated. “Web exports to China characterize virtually 2.5% of GDP, the most important share within the area.”

However Mexico appears to be benefitting because it beneficial properties market share in US manufacturing imports on the expense of China’s retreat, BofA stated.

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